Three letter code
Peptide Purity (HPLC)
Tetrastatin, a 230 amino acid sequence from collagen IV, was demonstrated to inhibit melanoma progression. The minimal active sequence (QKISRCQVCVKYS: QS-13) could reproduce the anti-tumor effects of whole Tetrastatin in vivo and in vitro on melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. QS-13 binds to SK-MEL-28 melanoma cells through the αvβ3 integrin using blocking antibody and β3 integrin subunit siRNAs strategies. Relevant QS-13 conformations were extracted from molecular dynamics simulations and their interactions with αVβ3 integrin were analyzed by docking experiments to determine the binding areas and the QS-13 amino acids crucial for the binding. The in silico results were confirmed by in vitro experiments. Indeed, QS-13 binding to SK-MEL-28 was dependent on the presence of a disulfide-bound as shown by mass spectroscopy and the binding site on αVβ3 was located in close vicinity to the RGD binding site. QS-13 binding inhibits the FAK/PI3K/Akt pathway, a transduction pathway that is largely involved in tumor cell proliferation and migration. QS-13 peptide binds αvβ3 integrin in a conformation-dependent manner and is a potent antitumor agent that could target cancer cells through αVβ3.
Ideally QS-13 peptide should be stored in a freezer at or below -9C. QS-13 peptide should be refrigerated after reconstitution. For more details, please refer to the manual:Handling and Storage of Synthetic Peptides
- Lambert E, Fuselier E, Ramont L, et al. Conformation-dependent binding of a Tetrastatin peptide to u03b1vu03b23 integrin decreases melanoma progression through FAK/PI3K/Akt pathway inhibition. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):9837
About TFA salt
Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is a strong acid, which is commonly used to cleave synthesized peptides from solid-phase resins and is also used to improve HPLC performance in the peptide purification step. By default, custom peptides are delivered as lyophilized TFA salts, and can contain as much as 10-45% TFA.
TFA in custom peptides can cause inexplicable discrepancies in subsequent assay data. For instance, TFA in nM concentrations has been shown to interfere with cellular assays, inhibiting cellular proliferation in some instances, and increasing cell viability in others . It has also been found to be an unintended allosteric modulator of the glycine receptor, GlyR.
TFA Removal Service is recommended for:
- Peptides that will be used in cellular assays
- Peptides that will be used as APIs or in manufactured products
- For hydrophilic peptides containing numerous basic residues
Related Products / Services
• Peptide Services: NovoPro's peptide synthesis services include standard chemical peptide synthesis, peptide modification, peptide libraries, and recombinant peptide expression.
• Standard Peptide Synthesis: NovoPro offers quality peptides at the most competitive prices in the industry, starting at $3.20 per amino acid. NovoPro provides PepBox – Automatic Quote Tool for online price calculation.
• Peptide Modifications: NovoPro offers a wide range of peptide modification services including isotope labeling (2H, 15N, and 13C), multiple disulfide bonds, multiple phosphorylations, KLH, BSA, ovalbumin, amidation, acetylation, biotin, FITC, etc.
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